Studienkolleg is a course prevalent in three German Speaking Countries – Germany, Austria and Switzerland. This course is actually for those students whose graduation certificate is not equivalent to the Abitur – The High School Level.
Studienkolleg courses prepare study applicants for the content and language aspects of their degree course in Germany. These preparatory courses are offered for various subject fields and last for one year (two semesters). They end with the Feststellungsprüfung (FSP), an exam taken to determine how suited foreign study applicants are for starting a degree at a German university. Once student passes the FSP exam, they may then apply for a Bachelor's degree (or equivalent) in your chosen subject field.
In any case, study applicants do not have a free choice as to whether or not they want to take a Studienkolleg course. This is determined by whether or not the applicant is already entitled to study at university in Germany.
Overall there are five different types of Studienkolleg course. The subjects taught on these courses vary according to subject field.
for Humanities subjects.
for language subjects (some universities also offer a combined G/S course).
for Social Sciences and Economics (or related subjects).
for technical or scientific subjects. Also for mathematics.
for Medicine or Biology (or related subjects).